What are free radicals and what damage does it cause?

What are free radicals and what damage does it cause?

Free radicals are naturally occurring compounds that are both produced by our bodies and externally via factors like pollution such as cigarette smoke, dust, smog, pesticides, alcohol, industrial chemicals, high blood sugar levels, radiation or household cleaning products.

Apart from those mentioned above, free radicals can also come from UV rays and exposure, which makes avoiding them completely a tough challenge. Constantly being stressed, having inflamed skin, or having an infection can also result in free radicals. 

When it accumulates in a large number, it may result in oxidative stress. This means that there is an imbalance in free radicals and antioxidants, which is the key to neutralising them. 

Extent of damage free radicals can cause

As a result of oxidative stress, it can lead to physical issues such as inflammatory conditions like arthritis, high blood pressure and diabetes. 

With regards to skin related issues, oxidative stress can cause concerns such as hyperpigmentation, breakouts, fine lines, wrinkles and premature ageing, as free radicals can damage and breakdown DNA of the skin.

That being said, free radicals are only harmful when accumulated in a large number. As they are almost unavoidable, it is essentially impossible to eliminate every one of them.

However, there are some ways that you can mitigate its damage, with the main solution being piling up on the antioxidants both internally and externally. 


When purchasing skincare products, look for items that contain Vitamins A, C and E, in which rich amounts of antioxidants can be found. If you are looking to incorporate some essentials in your routine, here are some options: 

  • Youth Beam Anti-Ageing Serum - Contains Reishi Mushroom which reduces toxic effects as a results from stress which can prevent your body from producing and forming free radicals
  • Dew Potion Waterless Essence Mist - Contains chamomile extracts which are extremely rich in antioxidants, which can help fight, block, and eliminate free radicals and prevent damage on skin and acceleration of the ageing process
  • Garden Party Clay Mask - Contains grape seed extract which has antioxidants to fight free radicals developed from sun damage, environmental pollution and stress. 

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